Child Protection Evidence - Parent/child interaction

Child Protection Evidence is a resource available for clinicians across the UK and internationally to inform clinical practice, child protection procedures and professional and expert opinion in the legal system. This review evaluates the literature on parent-child interaction.

Review updated: November 2014 

About the review

The systematic review evaluates the scientific literature on parent-child interaction published up until November 2014.

It aims to answer the following clinical question: 

  • What are the features of parent-child interactions amongst neglected and/or emotionally abused children aged 0-14 years?

Neglect is the most common form of child abuse, but frequently goes unrecognised.

This review studies the effects of poor parent-child interactions by looking at the features of neglect in the following age groups; 0-7 months, 18 months-3 years, 4-5 years and 6-14 years. 

The implications for practice and research, and other useful references are included in the review.

Key findings

  • Careful observation and documentation of the parent-child interactions is an essential element in the recognition of the emotionally abused / neglected pre-school child.
  • It is a significant omission from the scientific literature that no studies have been conducted on neglect / emotional abuse between fathers and young children.
  • When evaluating children for possible neglect / emotional abuse, it is essential to obtain detailed reports from all those working with the family, including nursery nurses, health visitors, playschool teachers, etc.

Systematic review on Parent/Child Interaction (PDF, 210KB, 23 Pages)

 

Disclaimer: This is a summary of the systematic review findings up to the date of our most recent literature search. If you have a specific clinical case, we strongly recommend you read all of the relevant references as cited and look for additional material published outside our search dates.

Original reviews and content © Cardiff University, funded by NSPCC
Published by RCPCH July 2017

While the format of each review has been revised to fit the style of the College and amalgamated into a comprehensive document, the content remains unchanged until reviewed and new evidence is identified and added to the evidence-base. Updated content will be indicated on individual review pages.