Child Protection Evidence

Child Protection Evidence is a new RCPCH evidence-based resource available to clinicians across the UK and internationally to inform clinical practice, child protection procedures and professional and expert opinion in the legal system.

Access the reviews

Use the menu to browse and access the 15 reviews, as well as related guidance and resources.


Formerly known as The Cardiff Child PrOtection Systematic REviews project (CORE INFO), the College has taken over the systematic reviews, rebranding these as Child Protection Evidence systematic reviews.

Adopting CORE INFO is a good strategic fit for the College as evidence from the resource has already been used to inform the content of publications such as the Child Protection Companion and The Physical Signs of Child Sexual Abuse.

A series of NSPCC resources for health professionals working with children, detailing the aspects of physical child abuse has also been developed based on collaborative work by the NSPCC and Cardiff Child Protection Systematic Reviews.


Established in 2002 by Cardiff University in collaboration with the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC), CORE INFO has been jointly run by RCPCH members, Dr Sabine Maguire and Professor Alison Kemp. The website has been used by more than 100,000 users each year (71% from UK). The research team was funded by the NSPCC for over 13 years and when the funding came to an end, the RCPCH was approached to maintain the resource.

The CORE INFO research team completed a series of reviews, which were updated on an annual basis. These reviews address key questions about the recognition and investigation of children with suspected physical abuse and neglect. 

All of the content from the CORE INFO reviews has been migrated onto the College website and the Clinical Standards Team, within the Research & Policy Division,will now undertake the systematic reviews which are aligned with the Colleges key priorities.

While the format of each review has been revised to fit the style of the College and amalgamated into a comprehensive document, the content remains unchanged until reviewed and new evidence is identified and added to the evidence-base. Updated content will be indicated on individual review pages.

If you have any feedback on the new style reviews please contact Clinical Standards.

Research team

  • Clinical Standards Facilitator: Dr Rosa Nieto-Hernandez
  • Systematic Reviewer: Mrs Nishanthi Talawila Da Camara
  • Clinical Standards Administrator: Mrs Sara Haveron


  • Dr Geoff DeBelle (Chair, Officer for Child Protection)
  • Dr Paula Hewitt
  • Professor Alison Kemp
  • Dr Emily Payne
  • Dr Ingrid Prosser
  • Dr Hilary Smith
  • Dr Alison Steele

Acknowledgements and expert reviews

The College are thankful to the National Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Children (NSPCC) for their financial support of the pre-2017 systematic reviews and production of the Core INFO leaflets, the Wales Office of Research and Development for Health and Social Care (WORD) for their financial support on the 2014 neurological injuries review, and Abbott for supplying review articles for the 2014 visceral injuries review.

Acknowledgements should also be made to the RCPCH Child Protection Standing Committee, sub-committee and both past and present expert reviewers.

Expert reviewers (PDF, 43KB, 9 Pages)