State of Child Health: One Year On

Our State of Child Health report in January 2017 revealed alarming inequalities in the health and wellbeing across the UK. One year on, our scorecards for England, Wales and Scotland show whether progress has been made on each of our recommendations.


Although progress has been made in some areas, in general the picture for infants, children and young people remains largely unchanged.

Government has taken some steps in the right direction. The successful passage of the soft drinks industry levy through Parliament was a landmark moment in the ongoing battle against child obesity.

However, the latest figures show that child poverty in the UK is at its highest level since 2010, 100 out of every 1,000 young people under 19 are likely to have a diagnosable mental
health disorder, and 1 in 3 11-year-olds are overweight or obese.

Download our scorecard for England (PDF, 1.58 MB)


Child health in Scotland ranks among the worse in Western Europe, and the disparity between children living in the most and least affluent communities is unacceptably wide.

This year, 2018, is the ‘Year of Young People’ and there is heartening evidence that the child health and wellbeing agenda is moving forward. At the end of 2017 the Child Poverty (Scotland) Act was passed by the Scottish Parliament, providing a positive first step towards reducing child poverty. 

A child perspective must be central to all Government policies because the health and wellbeing of infants, children and young people requires action across every level of society.

Download our scorecard for Scotland (PDF, 1.58 MB)


In the year since the report’s publication, there have been positive developments and important commitments made in Wales. These include the passing of the Public Health (Wales) Act, an important achievement that will help protect children and young people from the serious harm caused by tobacco.

However, there is much more to be done. We are particularly concerned about the impact of poverty on child health.

Download our scorecard for Wales (English) (PDF, 1.59 MB)

Download our scorecard for Wales (Welsh) (PDF, 1.62 MB)

What do children and young people think?

In 2017 over 1,000 children, young people and family members took part in sessions, challenge days, projects, consultations and events focused on key topics within State of Child Health.

Their voices, views and emerging themes are in the RCPCH &Us Network report looking at poverty, mental health, communication, PSHE, LGBT and children’s rights.

Download State of Child Health &Us (PDF, 2.26 MB)

Download Cyflwr Iechyd Plant: Adborth gen rhwydwaith RCPCH &Ni: llais plant, pobl ifanc a theuluoedd (PDF, 635 KB) (Welsh language version)