Diabetes mellitus (Type 1 diabetes) is a condition where the amount of glucose in your blood is too high because the body cannot use it properly. It affects around two per 1,000 children in England and Wales (in 2017-18 there were just over 2,800 new cases).
The vast majority of children and young people (around 95%), have Type 1 diabetes, whereas only a small number (around 5%), have Type 2 diabetes or other rare forms of diabetes.
About our audit
The National Paediatric Diabetes Audit (NPDA) is commissioned by the Healthcare Quality Improvement Partnership (HQIP) and funded by NHS England and the Welsh Government.
The NPDA is performed annually in England and Wales. The clinic that you attend is asked to submit information about your child’s diabetes care. The sole aim is to provide information that leads to improved quality of care for children and young people affected by diabetes.
You can download parent and carer summary booklets of our NPDA reports below, from 2013-14 to 2017-18.
We also send printed copies to all paediatric diabetes services in England and Wales to be made available in their waiting areas.
Our key conclusions from 2017-18
In 2019, the NPDA published reports on health check completion and outcomes, diabetes-related technologies and the workforce in paediatric diabetes units, based on data collected for the 2017-18 audit year.
- an increase in the provision of most key health checks recommended for children and young people with diabetes since the previous audit year
- that national average HbA1c results have remained stable
- that use of insulin pumps and continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices is associated with better diabetes management outcomes, even after controlling for the characteristics of the children and young people with diabetes using them
- that overall staffing increases since 2014 have been accompanied by improvements in national average HbA1c; however, at unit level, higher staffing levels were not associated with lower average HbA1c
- variation in outcomes between paediatric diabetes services.
Parents and carers of children and young people with diabetes should:
- talk to their diabetes clinics about receiving and discussing the results of health checks, suitable for their age
- work with their diabetes team to achieve the best HbA1c level possible for their child by aiming for blood glucose levels within targets set by their clinic.
Ongoing support for children and young people with diabetes is important. This should include psychological assessment and ongoing support, structured educational packages, and blood glucose target setting to reduce the risk of long term complications.
The National Children and Young People’s Diabetes Network has shown commitment to working together to improve the care and outcomes of children and young people, using the national network structures and the National Children and Young People’s Diabetes Quality Programme to support lasting and meaningful improvement.